Jazz is a type of music that grows from the incorporation of blues, ragtime, and European music, especially band music. Some of the jazz subgenres are Dixieland, swing, bebop, hard bop, cool jazz, free jazz, jazz fusion, smooth jazz, and CafJazz.Jazz is a music stream originating in the United States in the early 20th century with roots of African music And Europe.Music jazz using many instruments of guitar, trombone, piano, trumpet, and saxophone. One of the most important elements in jazz is syncopation. The word “jazz” comes from a vulgar term used for sexual acts. Some rhythms in jazz have been associated with brothels and women with poor reputations. In the journey then, jazz eventually became a form of music art, both in certain composition and improvisation, which reflects the melodies spontaneously. Jazz musicians usually express their feelings that are not easily explained, because this music must be felt in the heart. “If you ask, you’ll never know” according to Louis Armstrong.
The jazz legend began in New Orleans and flourished into the Mississippi River, Memphis, St. Louis, and finally Chicago. Of course jazz is influenced by music in New Orleans, tribal drums of Africa and the structure of European music. The background of jazz can not be separated from the fact that jazz is influenced by various music such as spiritual music, cakewalks, ragtime and blues. One jazz legend is believed that around 1891, the owner of a hairstyle in New Orleans named Buddy Bolden blew his cornet and it was then that jazz music began as a new breakthrough in the music world. Half a century later, jazz music in America contributed a lot to the world of music, studied at university, and eventually became a serious and calculated musical flow.
Jazz music as a popular art began to spread to almost all American societies in the 1920s (known as Jazz Age). Jazz was rife in the swing era in the late 1930s, and reached its peak in the late 1950s as a modern jazz. In the early 20s and 30s, “jazz” has become a commonly known word.
The influence and development of blues music can not be abandoned when discussing jazz music in the early years of its development. The expression that radiates when playing the blues music fits perfectly with the style of jazz music. The ability to play blues music becomes standard for all jazz musicians, especially for use in improvisation and hourly sessions. Blues own music, which comes from the South, has a very wide history. Blues musicians usually use guitars, pianos, harmonica, or play together in groups that play homemade musical instruments.
The history and development of jazz music, divided into several phases / eras. From the Dixieland and Ragtime phases at the beginning, then the swing and bigband era (1930-1940), bebop era (mid 1940), jazz rock (fifty-fifties) and the latest developments that gave birth to phases and New era such as acid jazz, jazz funk, cross music and so on. Dixieland and Ragtime Era
Ragtime is unique because it does not include improvisation and blues. This is an influence of the jazz origin form, lasting for about the first 15 years of the 20th century. Generally a music for piano that has been written as a whole can be performed by an orchestra and represents a mixture of classical influences and marching bands. Try listening to music from Scott Joplin to taste ragtime.
Dixieland is a style that can be regarded as a variant of jazz classics and jazz of New Orleans. The original roots of dixieland as a musical form sourced from the Chicago music scene in the 1920s. Pioneers of dixieland style include guitarist Eddie Condon, saxophonist Bud Freeman, and Jimmy McPartland’s trumpeter.
Dixieland style involves a collective improvisation in the first chorus, with the musicians entering solo together riffing of an inflatable instrument, followed by a closing ensemble, usually a drummer playing a 4-bar tag ending by the entire band. Unlike other jazz styles, the set of songs for dixieland musicians is somewhat limited, but offers endless variations in sound models, developed around the 1910s.
Along with the development of ragtime, New Orleans jazz appeared in the jazz scene for the first two decades of the 20th century. Considered the first jazz style, from 1895 to Buddy Bolden, Kid Ory and Jelly Roll Morton in Storyville, New Orleans, to Approaching 1917. New Orleans jazz has become unfit for marching brass bands. There was the first New Orleans jazz documentation from The Original Dixieland Jass Band in 1917 to the 1920s, when the recording technology had evolved.
This music develops including trumpet players and cornets, such as Joe Oliver and Louis Armstrong, featured