History and Development of Blues Music

The term blues officially used in 1910. Blues is a flow of vocal music and instrumental originating from the United States (US). The blues name is born from the blue term connoted with feeling frustrated and melancholy. The blues music departs from the spiritual and praise music that emerged from the community of former African slaves in the US. And began to grow rapidly in the 19th century AD the US.

According to the authors, scientists and researchers at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in New York, Sylviane Diouf, Blues has a relationship with the Muslim community tradition in West Africa. To prove the link between American Blues music and Muslim traditions, Diouf plays two recordings. The first one he presented to the public who was present in a room of Harvard University was the call to prayer (call for Muslims to perform the prayer service). After that, Diouf turned Levee Camp Holler.

The second record is an old Blues song that first appeared in the Mississippi Delta about 100 years ago. Levee Camp Holler is not a fairly regular blues song. The song was created by the black Muslim community of West African origin who worked in post-Civil War America. Levee Camp Holler’s lyrics emphasize words that sounded vibrating. According Diouf, the nasal style between the songBlues Levee Cam Holler-like adzan is also evidence of a link between the two.

Professor of Ethnomusicology from the University of Mainz, Germany, named Prof. Gehard Kubik also wrote a book about Blues music relations with Islamic civilization in West Africa titled Africa and the Blues, published by University Press of Mississippi in 1999. Cubic prove has proved it. “The vocal style of most Blues singers uses melisma, wavy intonation. Such vocal style is a relic of the West African community that has been in contact with the Islamic world since the 7th and 8th centuries, “he said. Melisma uses many tones in a syllable.


The previous blues musicians often wear banjo, and along with the development of technology in musical instruments, blues musicians began to use guitar music. Blues music continues to grow. Even in every area of ​​the United States gave birth to different blues music colors like Chicago Blues (Muddy Waters, Koko Taylor), Delta Blues (Robert Lockwood jr), East Cost Blues (John Jackson) and Texas Blues (Mike Morgan & The Crawl).

Then in the early decade of the 60s blues music in America declined in popularity, so American record companies would not sign them. So the blues bands from England then filled the void. British musicians such as The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, John Mayal and Bluesbreaker have finally given a new atmosphere for American blues musicians.

Modern electric blues are the most popular blues subgenre to date. Of the genre, born dozens of blues music figures such as B.B. King, Buddy Guy, John Lee Hocker, Jhony Winter, Koko Taylor, Robert Cray, Taj Mahal, Dave Hole, Tinsley Ellis Freddie King, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Kenny Wayne Shepherd.

Guitarist Jimi Hendrix also included a blues musician who influenced many other musicians. With his new guitar playing technique, Jimi became a pioneer in blues music dominated by an extremely impressive electric sound, which then attracted the attention of other guitarists to further explore the sound.Jimi also famous by number Blues like red house and voodoo child. After the era of the emergence of Jimi Hendrix, many emerging blues rock musicians such as the late Stevie Ray Vaughan, Tinsley Ellis, Taj Mahal and Kenny Wayne Shepherd.