The point is, “Hip-Hop is something we live, Rap is something we do”. Or it can be said that Hip-Hop is a culture or culture, while Rap is a job. Thus, the word came from “rapper”, no word “hip-hopper” or “pe-hip-hop”. To know and deeper appreciation of Rap Music, of course we must know more about Hip-Hop Culture itself. It would be better if we start by getting to know the history of Hip-Hop culture.
Hip-Hop culture itself has existed since the 70s in the United States. At that time, DJ from Jamaica, namely DJ Kool Herc who held a block party event in some housing every night. It is intended to eliminate fatigue after the move, where the DJ is playing jazz, soul or funk songs. This Hip-Hop culture has started to lead as a movement when a student named Kevin Donovan was commissioned by the United Nations to leave for Africa. There, Kevin studied the meaning of unity of the Zulu chief. It also encouraged him to form a movement called Universal Zulu Nation.
Gradually, Hip-Hop culture is not only a culture, but a movement of consciousness. More hip-hop activists are emerging from various elements, be it rapper, beatboxer, DJ, breakdancer, adan also other lovers. But still in America, there is still a commotion between certain races or groups. This also prompted the hip-hop activists to form a declaration that would become one of the “scriptures” for today’s hip-hop actors. The declaration signed by hip-hop activists and witnessed by UN and UNESCO delegates is called “Hip-Hop Declaration Of Peace”.
This declaration has 18 points, and from those points, I will take the most important points (which I concise):
1. Hip-Hop is a medium of expression, and can be done by being a rapper / MC, can with breakdance, can be a DJ or beatboxer, and can also donate other works, such as writing for knowledge, clothes / fashion, And entrepreneurship related to the streets (Point 1).
2. Hip Hop is respecting human dignity, without discrimination, or essentially protecting the development of human life, such as respecting the prevailing laws or customs, respecting institutions, and abstaining from violence (Points 2, 3, 12, 13) .
3. Hip-Hop appreciates the nature in which we live, our own Earth (Points 14, 15).
4. Hip-Hop should also have a message to know yourself and provide a good education, and also teach about respect (Points 5 and 17).
5. No one can express himself as a “pioneer” or “legend” hip-hop other than he has contributed and given credibility. (Point 16).
6. Hip-Hop is not seen from the color of skin, tribe, country, religion, work, culture or language. Because, hip-hop is a culture that teaches collective consciousness (Points 10 and 11).
If we return to Rap Music, of course as part of Hip-Hop culture, of course Rap music must adjust the above points. This means that Rap music appreciates human dignity, has a message to know oneself, respect institutions, and no one can make himself as number one if it has not contributed and credibiltas, and can be done by all circles, without any particular group. So, from the declaration, it can be concluded that essentially, Rap Music must indeed be educative, with messages that can be captured by everyone, and can be delivered in their own way. In addition, the music Rap emang must be able to touch all the peoples in the community, because this music is also inspired from the life of the street that emphasizes the struggle of life.